Udaipur city of dawn is a lovely land around the blue water lake hemmed in by the lush hills of Aravallis. A vision in the white drenched and beauty, Udaipur is a fascinating blend of sights, sound and experiences and inspiration for the imagination of poets, painters and writers. It has kaleidoscope of fairy tale of palaces, lakes, temples and gardens. The city carries the flavor of heroic past, epitomizing velour and chivalry.
Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Maharna Udai Singh II as the final capital of the erstwhile Mewar Kingdom, located to the south of Nagada on the banks of Banas river. Legend is such that the Maharana Udai Singh II came upon a hermit while hunting iin the foothills of the Aravalli range. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Udai Singh II consequently established a residence on the site. In 1568 the Mughal emperor Akbar captured the fort of Chittorgarh and Udai Singh II moved capital to the site of his residence, which became the city of Udaipur.
As the Mughal empire weakened, the Sisodia Ranas and later Maharanas (Also called Guhilots or Suryavansh), who had always tried to oppose Mughal dominance, reasserted their independence and recaptured most of Mewar except for Chittorgarh. Udaipur remained the capital of the state, which became a princely state of British India in 1818. Being a mountain region and unsuitable for heavily armoured Mughal horses, Udaipur remained safe from Mughal influence in spite of much pressure. The Rajvansh of Udaipur was one of the oldest dynasties of the world.
In geographical terms, it covers an area that lies between 24°28’49’’ and 24°42’56’’ N latitudes and 73°36’51’’ and 73°49’46’’ E longitude. It has an undulating topography that has an MRL of 563 through the highest peak of 922m Sajjangarh.
Situated in north-eastern part of Girwa Tehsil of Udaipur district, Udaipur is historically and geographically the heart of erstwhile Mewar State. Located almost in the middle on stretch of Delhi- Mumbai National Highway (NH8)
Udaipur is located almost at the centre of the Delhi-Mumabi National Highway (NH-8). Udaipur is well connected to state capital Jaipur (420 km) in northeast and Ahmedabad (250km) in southwest. Udaipur is connected to other centers to the state by three state highways, SH-9 connecting Chittorgarh, SH32 connecting Banswara and SH-32 connecting Mount Abu.
Udaipur is well connected by road to major cities in India. Brilliant road network ensure people to enjoy a relaxed journey to and from Udaipur. This mode of commuting is quite easy and economical. Udaipur Bus Stand has regular bus services, connecting Udaipur with nearby cities including Delhi, Jaipur, Chittorgarh, Indore, Kota, Ajmer, Ahmedabad and Mt. Abu. Rajasthan Roadways provides the facility of Deluxe Buses and AC coaches for the convenience of passengers. One can also hire taxis and cars to reach Udaipur by road.
Udaipur Railway Station is located at a comfortable distance from the city of Udaipur. Rajasthan Railways connects Udaipur station with all the other cities of Rajasthan as well as India. There are frequent trains which run to and from Udaipur connecting Jaipur, Mumbai and Delhi.
Udaipur Airport namely Maharana Pratap Airport is located near Dabok at a distance of 22 kms from the city. Many domestic airlines connect the city to all the major cities of India including Jaipur, Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata. Regular air services are available for Delhi and Mumbai.
Udaipur is located in the center of an ampitheatre valley and is encircled by Aravalli hills. The general slope of the city is towards southeast.
Udaipur is drained by Ahad River, which is the main river of the region which flows from the north west towards south east. The river is seasonal river, which originates from a 991 meter high hill in the north eastern part of Gogunda plateau. The region is blessed with numerous water bodies. The major water bodies in the region are Lake Pichola, Lake Fatehsagar, Lake Govardhan Sagar, Udai sagar lake and Badi Talab.
The vegetation is very scanty, the natural vegetation has almost disappeared due to instance biotic interference. The over grazed and completely degraded area has now traces of trees, shrubs and grass species. The common trees available are Aam, Roonjh, Godal, Dhak, Kumtha, Mahuwa, Neem, Babul, Ber, Anwala, Besharm, Dhamas and Thor.
Udaipur city has particularly a tropical climate. The three main seasons, summer, monsoon and winter respectively, dominate the city of Udaipur. Situated at an altitude of 598m above sea level, moreover in a desert area, Udaipur has sultry type of climate. However, Udaipur is the only place in Rajasthan that has quite moderate climate throughout the year. In summers, the scorching sun makes the city hot whereas in winters the weather is pleasant.
Being located in the desert lands of Rajasthan, the climate and weather of Udaipur is usually hot. The summer season runs from Mid-March to June and touches the temperature of 38°C. Monsoons arrive in the month of July heralded by dust and thunderstorms. The city annually receives around 637 mm of rainfall. This scanty amount of rainfall makes Udaipur more humid. The humidity reaches to the extent of 90 % during the months of Monsoons.
Udaipur Municipal Corporation is the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. The Municipal Corporation of Udaipur is comprises of 55 wards. The total geographical area of the city is 64 Sq. km.
|S.No.||Zone||Area in Ha.||Population 2011||Density per Ha.|
|Total Urban Control Area||34791||495582||14.24|
Northeast part of Udaipur has plain area so secondary and tertiary activities are increasing in this direction. Amberi, Sukher, Sobhagpura, Raghunathpura and Bhuwana located in north/northeast direction of Udaipur have small-scale industries and maximum minerals activities. Hindustan Zinc Ltd. established near Lake Udai sagar in east direction of Udaipur urban control area. Dabok, Gudli and Gadwa area in developed Mewar industrial area and other small-scale industries have also come up along this corridor towards Chittorgarh. Major development activities have increased near water bodies and highways of Udaipur. Udaipur is essentially developing along NH8 to Ahmedabad and NH76 to Chittorgarh the growth directions of Udaipur.
The master paln-2001, proposed a land use pattern of 2022. Out of the total developed area, 37.42% was allocated for residential use, 18.8% under circulation, 12.3% as public and semi- public, 10.5% as industrial, 3.82% as commercial, 25.41% as recreational and 1.2% as Government lands.
POPULATION GROWTH TREND In 2011, Udaipur had population of 451,735 of which male and female were 234,681 and 217,054 respectively. Although Udaipur city has population of 451,735; its urban metropolitan population is 475,150 of which 246,856 are males and 228,294 are females. In 2015 the total population of Udaipur is 5,09912. Udaipur urban control area belt was prepared to control unplanned development. This belt is about 3 to 4 km radius around Udaipur. This belt consists of urbanized area, Urbanizable area and Municipal area and 62 revenue villages. The land with in urban control area can be utilized apart from agriculture, for dairy, horticulture, farm houses, resorts, motels, amusement park, water park and agriculture based industries.
Projected Population Years Arithmetic POPULATION Geometric Incremental
It is suggested that average of all the method should be taken into consideration.
Males and females constitute 51.95% (234,681) and 48.05% (217,054) of the total population, respectively. The overall sex ratio is 925, which is lower than the National figure.
|Area||Sex Ratio (Overall)||Sex Ratio (Children 0-6 yrs.)|
Total number of literate people in Udaipur City is 366,598 (90.66%). Male literacy rate is higher at (200,051) compared to female literacy rate of 166,547). The average literacy rate of city is 90.66 percent of which male and female literacy is 95.56% and 85.39% respectively.
|Area||Total||Male Literacy Rate||Female Literacy Rate|